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1790 Census

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1790 Census Number: 3,929,326

1790 Census Data

  • Name of Head of Household
  • Number of free white males 16 and older
  • Number of free white males under 16
  • Number of all other free white persons
  • Number of free persons
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Sometimes includes town or district of residence

1790 Census Day:   August 02, 1790

1790 Census Duration:  9 months

1790 Census Geography

1790_census_map

  • 14 States – The original 13 states, plus Vermont
  • Territories – Southwest (tally only)

What was lost from the 1790 Census?

  • Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, Virginia (The 1790 “Heads of Family” index names for Virginia come from the 1785 to 1787 tax lists of Virginia rather than the 1790 Census records which were lost)

1790 Key Facts

  • The United States was the first country to call for a regular census.  This makes the 1790 census the oldest national census
  • Vermont did not become a state until March 4, 1791, so the state’s 1790 census was taken on April 4, 1791
  • President during census:  George Washington
  • George Washington delivers the first “State of the Union Address” on January 8, 1790
  • Supreme Court convenes for the first time on February 1, 1790
  • Benjamin Franklin dies on April 17, 1790
  • Washington DC is established as the capital in 1791
 

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