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1890 Census

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1890 Census Number:   62,947,714

1890 Census Data (99% of records destroyed in 1921)

  • Name of each person in household
  • Relationship to Head of Household
  • Personal Description
    - Age
    - Sex
    - Color
    - Birthplace
    - Marital Status (Single, Married, Widowed, Divorced)
    - Married within previous year
    - Month of Marriage, If married within the previous year
    - Deaf, dumb, blind or insane
    - Occupation
    - Sick or temporarily disabled
    - Maimed, crippled, bedridden or otherwise disabled
    - Convict
    - Prisoner
    - Homeless Child
  • Place of Birth
    - Each person’s parents
  • Education
    - Attended school in previous year
    - Ability to read and write in English
  • Home Data
    - Value of Real Estate
  • Citizenship
    - Number of years in US
    - Naturalization
    - Ability to speak English
  • Veterans
    - Soldier, Sailor during the Civil War
  • Location
    - Name of street and number of house
    - City/Village/Town/Borough
    - County

1890 Census Day:  June 2, 1890

1890 Census duration:  1 month

1890 Census Geography

1890_census_map

  • 42 States - New States in 1890 Census:  North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming and Washington
  • Territories –  Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Montana, Alaska, Oklahoma  and Indian

What has lost from the 1890 Census?

  • Over 99% of the 1890 census records were destroyed by fire and flooding. Of the 62,979,766 people enumerated a total of 6,160 names could be extracted.

1890 Facts

  • President during census:  Benjamin Harrison
  • Most of the 1890 census records were destroyed in a fire in 1921
  • Three urban areas in the United States with over a million people New York City (1,515,301), Chicago (1,099,850) and Philadelphia (1,046,964)
  • Ellis Island Immigration station begins processing immigrants to the United States on January 1, 1892
  • The Battle of Wounded Knee occurs in South Dakota on December 29, 1890. This is the last major battle between United States Troops and Native Americans