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1870 Census

Search 1870 Census

US Census Years

1870 Census Number:   39,818,449

1870 Census Data

  • Name of each person in household
  • Personal Description
    - Age
    - Sex
    - Color
    - Birthplace
  • Married within previous year
    - Month of Marriage, If married within the previous year
    - Deaf, dumb, blind or insane
    - Occupation
  • Education
    - Attended school in previous year
    - Ability to read and write in English
  • Home Data
    - Value of Real Estate
  • Locatio
    - City/Village/Town/Borough
    - County
  • Value of Personal Estate

1870 Census Day:  June 1, 1870

1870 Census Duration:  5 Months

1870 Census Geography

1870_census_map

  • 37 States - New States in 1870 Census:  West Virginia, Nebraska, Kansas and Nevada
  • Territories – Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Colorado, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Washington,  Dakota and Indian

1870 Facts

  • President during census:  Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1870 Census was the first census after the Civil War and the end of slavery
  • First census to list all persons including former slaves as individuals
  • John D. Rockefeller incorporates the Standard Oil Company
  • Brooklyn Bridge construction begins in January of 1870
  • “The Great Chicago Fire” begins October 8th, 1871